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Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago
Chicago Fed Letter
Has Business Fixed Investment Really Been Unusually Low?
Francois Gourio
Abstract

Business fixed investment represents the spending by businesses to increase production capacity. It is traditionally decomposed into equipment (such as computers and machines), structures (such as plants, shopping malls, or warehouses), and intellectual property (such as software and R&D). After declining sharply during the Great Recession, business fixed investment (BFI) recovered in 2010, but investment was again quite low in 2015 and 2016. This slowdown was driven in part by the decline of oil prices that led to a significant contraction in the oil drilling industry. Since then, growth has resumed. Figure 1 depicts this recent history.


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Francois Gourio, "Has Business Fixed Investment Really Been Unusually Low?" , Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, Chicago Fed Letter, number 418, 2019.
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Keywords: Business; investments
DOI: 10.21033/cfl-2019-418
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