Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Regressive Welfare Effects of Housing Bubbles
We analyze the welfare effects of asset bubbles in a model with income inequality and financial friction. We show that a bubble that emerges in the value of housing, a durable asset that is fundamentally useful for everyone, has regressive welfare effects. By raising the housing price, the bubble benefits high-income savers but negatively affects low-income borrowers. The key intuition is that, by creating a bubble in the market price, savers' demand for the housing asset for investment purposes imposes a negative externality on borrowers, who only demand the housing asset for utility purposes. The model also implies a feedback loop: high income inequality depresses the interest rates, facilitating the existence of housing bubbles, which in turn have regressive welfare effects.
Cite this item
Andrew Graczyk & Toan Phan, Regressive Welfare Effects of Housing Bubbles, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Working Paper 18-10, 18 Apr 2018.
- E10 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - General
- E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
- E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
Keywords: rational bubble; inequality; housing; financial friction
This item with handle RePEc:fip:fedrwp:18-10
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