Home About Latest Browse RSS Advanced Search

Federal Reserve Bank of New York
Staff Reports
How mortgage finance affects the urban landscape
Sewin Chan
Andrew F. Haughwout
Joseph Tracy
Abstract

This chapter considers the structure of mortgage finance in the U.S., and its role in shaping patterns of homeownership, the nature of the housing stock, and the organization of residential activity. We start by providing some background on the design features of mortgage contracts that distinguish them from other loans, and that have important implications for issues presented in the rest of the chapter. We then explain how mortgage finance interacts with public policy, particularly tax policy, to influence a household’s decision to own or rent, and how shifts in the demand for owner-occupied housing are translated into housing prices and quantities, given the unusual nature of housing supply. We consider the distribution of mortgage credit in terms of access and price, by race, ethnicity, income, and over the lifecycle, with particular attention to the role of recent innovations such as non-prime mortgage securitization and reverse mortgages. The extent of negative equity has been unprecedented in the past decade, and we discuss its impact on strategic default, housing turnover, and housing investment. We describe spatial patterns in foreclosure and summarize the evidence for foreclosure spillovers in urban neighborhoods. Finally, we offer some thoughts on future innovations in mortgage finance.


Download Full text
Cite this item
Sewin Chan & Andrew F. Haughwout & Joseph Tracy, How mortgage finance affects the urban landscape, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, Staff Reports 713, 01 Feb 2015.
More from this series
JEL Classification:
Subject headings:
Keywords: mortgage; cities
For corrections, contact Amy Farber ()
Fed-in-Print is the central catalog of publications within the Federal Reserve System. It is managed and hosted by the Economic Research Division, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.

Privacy Legal