Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)
Finance and Economics Discussion Series
Income Inequality, Financial Crises, and Monetary Policy
We construct a general equilibrium model in which income inequality results in insufficient aggregate demand, deflation pressure, and excessive credit growth by allocating income to agents featuring low marginal propensity to consume, and if excessive, can lead to an endogenous financial crisis. This economy generates distributions for equilibrium prices and quantities that are highly skewed to the downside due to financial crises and the liquidity trap. Consequently, symmetric monetary policy rules designed to minimize fluctuations around fixed means become inefficient. A simultaneous reduction in inflation volatility and mean unemployment rate is feasible when an asymmetric policy rule is adopted.
Cite this item
Isabel Cairo & Jae W. Sim, Income Inequality, Financial Crises, and Monetary Policy, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2018-048, 19 Jul 2018.
- E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
- E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
- E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
- G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
Keywords: Monetary policy ; Credit ; Financial crises ; Income inequality
This item with handle RePEc:fip:fedgfe:2018-48
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